Cannabis hemp is a dioecious plant (meaning that an individual plant can be male or female). Both male and female hemp plants produce good quality fiber, but the female produces the best religious quality cannabinoids.
See Complete Guide to Cannabis Religion, which includes information on the legal requirements to be safe from prosecution in the U.S. and religious cannabis use in many of the worlds largest religions (ancient Egyptian, Asatru (Norse), Assyrian, Australian, Babylonian, Bantu, Brazilian, Buddhism, Canaanite, Celtic Druidism, Chinese, Christianity, Coptic Christianity, Dagga, Essenes, Etruscan, Gypsy (including Tarot), Hellenism (Greek), Hermeticism, Hinduism, Hottentot, Islam, Judaism, Kemetic (ancient Egyptian), Mithraism, Persian, Polynesian, Pygmy, Rastafarian, Roman, Shamanic/Tribal religion, Shintoism, Sufi Islam, Tantra, Taoism, Thai, Theraputea, Wicca, Witchcraft, Zoarastrianism, and Zulu).
Botanical name: Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica
Common name: cannabis, hemp, marijuana
hieroglyphs for cannabis
- Cannabis indica shorter plant and thicker leaves than sativa
- Cannabis ruderalis lower quality plant commonly known as dirt weed
- Cannabis sativa taller plant and thinner leaves than indica
Origin: The place of origin of cannabis hemp is unknown, but is believed to have been somewhere in Asia, possibly in Benghali India.
History: Cannabis seeds were used for food in China by 6000 B.C.E. and for textiles in China by 4000 B.C.E.
Hemp was used for rope and sails as well as fine linens in ancient Egypt. Hemp rope was found in the eighteenth-dynasty tomb of Akhenaten (Amenophis IV) at El Amarna, including a three ply hemp cord in the hole of a stone and a large mat bound with hemp cords.
In the third century C.E. the Roman emperor Aurelian imposed a tax on Egyptian cannabis.
Cannais was first documented in Kemet (ancient Egyt) around 2000 B.C.E. to treat sore eyes and cataracts. According to Diodorus Siculus (a Sicilian Greek historian who lived from 90 to 21 B.C.E.) Egyptian women used cannabis as a medication to relieve sorrow and bad humour.
Cannabis is mentioned as a medication in the following ancient Egyptian medical texts: Ramesseum III Papyrus (1700 B.C.E.), Ebers Papyrus (1600 B.C.E.), the Berlin Papyrus (1300 B.C.E.), and the Chester Beatty VI Papyrus (1300 B.C.E.). The Ebers Papyrus is the oldest known complete medical textbook in existence. Most scholars believe that it is copy of a much earlier text, probably from around 3100 B.C.E.
section of Ebers Papyrus, Formula No. 821
Location Plate #96, Lines 7-8
text in Demotic script (the people's script)
Formula No. 821 translation: Cannabis is pounded [ground] in honey and administered into her vagina. This is a contraction. The 1907 Merck Index (page 132) lists emulsions of cannabis seeds to treat the effects of gonorrhea. The 1909 Kings American Dispensatory lists hemp seed infusion for use in after-pains and in the bearing down sensation accompanying prolapsus uteri. The 1927 U.S. Dispensatory lists hemp seed oil for inflammations of the mucous membrane.
section of Ebers Papyrus, Formula No. 618
Location Plate #78, Lines 10-11
text in Demotic script (the people's script)
Formula No. 618 translation: Remedy for toe-nail (or fingernail). Ingredients honey, ochre cannabis, and [other ingredients which have not yet been translated]
The example on the left is the oldest known apothecary jar. It contained traces of hashish. The face is of the Pygmy god Bes (who became an Egyptian god of medicine).
An ancient carving of the Egyptian physician Hesi Re from approximately 2650 B.C.E.
Also in the Ebers Papyrus, a mixture of cannabis and carob was used as an enema or combined with other ingredients for use as a poultice.
The Ramses III Papyrus provides a prescription for cannabis use in the treatment of glaucoma: A treatment for the eyes: celery, cannabis is ground and left in the dew overnight. Both eyes of the patient are to be washed with it in the morning.
See the guide to cannabis religion.
Cannabis pollen was found on the mummy of Ramses II (nineteenth dynasty). Initially scholars debated as to whether the cannabis pollen was ancient or modern contamination. Additional research showed cannabis pollen in all known royal mummies. No known ancient Egyptian mummies were wrapped in hemp cloth.
The intoxicating properties of cannabis were virtually unknown among Europeans (other than among witches) until the eighteenth century (1700s) when travellers to Egypt discovered the drug. European witches knew of cannabis from antiquity, when cannabis was one of the most commonly used medications among Celts and Norse.
The Smoke Eaters at the temple at Thebes used cannabis incense for mortality rituals.
The ancient Egyptian goddess Seshat (above in her role as the Goddess who measures) is depicted with a hemp leaf in her head dress. Pharaoh Tuthmosis III (1479 to 1425 B.C.E.) called her Sefkhet-Abwy (She of the seven points). Hemp was used to make measuring cords. Seshat was the goddess of libraries, knowledge, and geomancy, among other things. Spell 10 of the Coffin text states Seshat opens the door of heaven for you.
deities associated with cannabis:
Bhang: A beverage made from cannabis.
Cannabis/marijuana: Flower tops (buds) and leaves of cannabis. Eaten or smoked.
Hash oil: An oil derived from cannabis.
Hashish: The resin from cannabis.
Joints/blunts: Cannabis rolled into a cigarette or cigar paper.
Pipe: Smoked in pipe, water pipe, or hookah.
Vaporizer: Vaporizers turn cannabis into a fine mist.
cautions and contraindications:
Cautions and contraindications: Cannabis is safe.
The DEAs own conservative administrative law judge, Francis Young, after taking medical testimony for 15 days and reviewing hundreds of DEA/NIDA documents positioned against the evidence introduced by marijuana reform activists, concluded in September 1988 that marijuana is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man. The Emperor Wears No Clothes, Jack Herer
Wild gathering: Avoid wild gathering. Some plants are endangered species. Please grow your own herbs in your own goddess garden (or window boxes).
See also: herbs